A GIS Based method has been applied for the determination of the reduction in fluvial sediment transport, induced by small agricultural reservoirs. The method involves the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) for the estimation of the soil erosion (gross soil erosion) and the concept of sediment delivery ratio to route surface erosion from each cells to the catchment outlet. The SDR is often used coupled with RUSLE in order to reduce the over estimation of soil erosion provided by the RUSLE method itself. The process of sediment delivery from grid cells to the catchment outlet is represented by the topographical index derived from Digital Elevation Model (DEM). This procedure has been applied in the Upper Tiberian Valley (Tuscany-Umbria boundary, central Italy) in order to evaluate the "pitfall effect" of numerous small reservoirs present in this area.