Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana - Vol. 52/2020

Hydrodynamic and geochemical behavior of a karst aquifer system exposed to contamination: analysis of the response of the Moresco Springs (Apuan Alps, Italy) to rainfall

Matteo Nigro (1), Matia Menichini (2), Marco Doveri (2) & Roberto Giannecchini (1)
(1) Earth Sciences Department, University of Pisa, Via Santa Maria, 53, 56126, Pisa, Italy. (2) Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources (IGG), National Research Council (CNR), Via Giuseppe Moruzzi, 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy. Corresponding author e-mail:

Volume: 52/2020


The Baccatoio Stream basin (Apuan Alps) was subjected to numerous investigations linked to the presence of abandoned mines and related acid mine drainages. This study aims to achieve new insights into water circulation in carbonate aquifers feeding three of the major springs of the area (Moresco springs: VSMOA, VSMOS, VSMOG). VSMOA and VSMOS show evidences of hydraulic connection with Baccatoio stream, contaminated by acid mine drainages. The study focused on springs chemical and isotopic variations induced by a rainfall event. Some general conclusions can be drown: (i) the hydraulic connection between Baccatoio stream and VSMOA-VSMOS seems to be confirmed; (ii) during rainfall events, infiltrated rainwater seem to directly contribute to the perturbation of VSMOA-VSMOS; (iii) different flow fractions feeding VSMOA- VSMOS after rainfall pulse were quantified; (iv) VSMOG did not show any perturbation linked to the rainfall.


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